Fauna of the Ionian Sea

The fauna of the Ionian Sea is very rich, with more than 500 species of fish. 70 species of fish are endemic, including some species of Batoidea, Labrus, Syngnathidae. The sea is inhabited by bottlenose dolphin, Cheloniidae, octopus.

Fishes of the Ionian Sea

The most common species in the Ionian Sea are Nile perch, Muraena, Bluefish, Atlantic stargazer, Pollachius virens, Swordfish, Scaldfish, Mullus barbatus, Atlantic bluefin tuna. Engraulis, Flounder, Tuna, Mullet, Mackerel are  harvested commercially. 

Invertebrates of the Ionian Sea

Achelata, Crab, Octopus, Squid and Oyster are also commercially harvested in the Ionian Sea. 

Dangerous Inhabitants of the Ionian Sea

There are several poisonous and dangerous sea creatures that can cause problems for holidaymakers on the Ionian coast: Trachinus, Hermodice carunculata, Muraena, jellyfish, sea urchins, Conidae, rabbit fish.

Are there sharks in the Ionian Sea?

The southern Ionian Sea is home to the blue shark, but there have been no more than 60 recorded sightings with humans in 100 years.



Achelata

Achelata

     Achelata are members of the Decapoda order of crayfish (Decapoda). The body leng..

Atlantic stargazer

Atlantic stargazer

Latin nameUranoscopus scaberOther namesUranoscopus scaberIdentificationThe body is spindle-shaped. T..

Bluefish

Bluefish

Latin name Pomatomus saltatrix Other names Blue, tailor, elf, chopper, marine piranha, rock salmo..

Common bottlenose dolphin

Common bottlenose dolphin

Latin nameTursiops truncatusOther namesAtlantic bottlenose dolphinIdentificationThe moderately devel..

Crabs

Crabs

     An infraorder of ten-legged crustaceans living in salt and fresh water.   ..

Mackerel, Atlantic

Mackerel, Atlantic

Latin name Scomber scombrus Other names Mackerel, common mackerel, Boston mackerel; Arabic: scomb..

Mullet

Mullet

Latin name Mugil cephalus, Mugil curema Other names Striped mullet, white mullet, flathead g..

Nile perch

Nile perch

Latin nameLates niloticusOther namesAfrican snook, Goliath perch, African barramundi, Goliath barram..

Octopus

Octopus

     Latin Octōpoda, from Ancient Greek ὀκτώ "eight" and πούς "foot".     ..

Pollachius virens

Pollachius virens

     Pollachius virens is a marine fish of the cod family. Body length up to 1.2 m. W..

Red mullet

Red mullet

Latin nameMullus barbatusOther namesMullus barbatusIdentificationThe body is elongated and compresse..

Shark, Blue

Shark, Blue

Latin name Prionace glauca Other names Bluedog, great blue shark, blue whaler. Identification T..

Squid

Squid

     Squid (Teuthida) is a subdivision of the class Cephalopoda. The body is elongate..

Swordfish

Swordfish

Latin name Xiphias gladius Other names Roadbill, broadbill swordfish; Arabic: kheil al bahar; Fre..

Syngnathidae

Syngnathidae

     Syngnathidae, needlefish or seahorses are a family of fishes of the order Gaster..

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