Fauna of the Ligurian Sea

The Ligurian Sea is home to fish, molluscs and animals that are found in other parts of the Mediterranean Sea. It is rich in phytoplankton and has a high concentration of chlorophyll.

Common fish in the Ligurian Sea

The most common families in the Ligurian sea are: trachurus, tunas, gobiidae, mugilidae, scombridae. In particular, we can highlight fish such as Atlantic Bluefin Tuna, Greater Amberjack, Slender Grouper, European Seabass, Gilt-head Bream, Turbot, Mullet, Mediterranean Horse Mackerel, Swordfish, Umbrina cirrosa, Argyrosomus regius, Red Porgy, Common Dentex, which are the objects of recreational fishing.

What sharks can be found in the Ligurian Sea?

The Ligurian Sea is too warm for predators such as sharks, so they are not found here.

Invertebrates of the Ligurian Sea

The Ligurian Sea is home to octopus, shrimp, squid, lobsters, jellyfish, oysters, and crayfish. There are many mussel, oyster and other shellfish farms. 

Mammals of the Ligurian Sea

The Ligurian Sea is home to a wide variety of cetaceans. It is considered to be the main feeding ground for fin whales in the Mediterranean. Bottlenose dolphins, Risso's dolphins and beaked whales can also be seen. The Cetacean Sanctuary regularly hosts 8 species of whales and dolphins: Striped dolphin, bottlenose dolphin, common dolphin, Cuvier's beaked whale, Risso's dolphin, long-finned pilot whale, sperm whale, fin whale and Mediterranean monk seal.

Unusual inhabitants of the Ligurian Sea

The loggerhead turtle can be observed in the Ligurian Sea. The presence of manta rays, which were practically absent a few years ago, has increased.



Amberjack, Greater

Amberjack, Greater

Latin name Seriola dumerili Other names Amberjack, jack, amberfish, jack hammer, horseeye bonito,..

Common bottlenose dolphin

Common bottlenose dolphin

Latin nameTursiops truncatusOther namesAtlantic bottlenose dolphinIdentificationThe moderately devel..

European seabass

European seabass

Latin nameDicentrarchus labraxOther namesEuropean bass, sea bass, common bass, white bass, capemouth..

Gilt-head bream

Gilt-head bream

Latin nameSparus aurataOther namesDorado (Spanish).IdentificationBody oval, torso flattened at the s..

Goby (Gobiidae)

Goby (Gobiidae)

The gobies (lat. Gobiidae) are a family of ray-finned fishes in the order Gobiiformes. More than 200..

Lobster

Lobster

     Lobsters (Nephropidae) are a division of the suborder Reptantia of the order Dec..

Meagre

Meagre

Latin nameArgyrosomus regiusOther namesСroaker, shade-fish, sowa, kir, corvina, salmon-bass, stone b..

Mediterranean horse mackerel

Mediterranean horse mackerel

Latin nameTrachurus mediterraneusOther namesBlack Sea horse mackerel, horse mackerel, Mediterranean ..

Mugilidae

Mugilidae

     Mugilidae is a family of ray-finned fishes of the order Mugiliformes. The head i..

Mullet

Mullet

Latin name Mugil cephalus, Mugil curema Other names Striped mullet, white mullet, flathead g..

Octopus

Octopus

     Latin Octōpoda, from Ancient Greek ὀκτώ "eight" and πούς "foot".     ..

Red Porgy

Red Porgy

Latin namePagrus pagrusOther namesСommon seabreamIdentificationBody oval, moderately deep. Head prof..

Risso's dolphin

Risso's dolphin

Latin nameGrampus griseusOther namesGrampus griseusIdentificationRisso's dolphin lacks the typical b..

Scombridae

Scombridae

     Scombridae is a family of fishes of the order Scombriformes. The body is torpedo..

Shi drum

Shi drum

Latin nameUmbrina cirrosaOther namesGurbell, sea crow, bearded umbrine and corb.IdentificationBody e..

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