Latin name

Polyprion americanus

Other names

Bass, stone bass, wreck bass, hapuku; Afrikaans: wrakvis; Danish: vragfisk; Dutch: wrakbaars; Finnish: hylkyahven; French: chernier commun, mérot gris; Greek: vláchos; Icelandic: rekaldsfiskur; Italian: cherna di fondale; Norwegian and Swedish: vrakfisk; Portuguese: cherne; Spanish: cherna; Turkish: iskorpit hanisi.


The wreckfish has a deep, strongly compressed body and a very bumpy head with a ridge and bony projections above each eye. Adult fish are uniformly dark brown or bluish gray, while juveniles are mottled. The second dorsal as well as the caudal and anal fins are often fringed in black, although the rounded caudal fin, as well as the pectoral fins, has a white fringe. The dorsal and soft parts of the dorsal fins are serrated, and the lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper jaw.


In the western Atlantic Ocean, the wreckfish is found from Newfoundland to North Carolina.


Found deep in the continental shelf, at depths of up to 2,000 feet, wreckfish prefer rocky ledges, pinnacles, and ledges around shipwrecks. They are solitary fish and can sometimes be found drifting along with floating wood or other objects.


Wreckfish grow slowly, but can eventually reach 7 feet or more in length and weigh 100 pounds or more. The world record among all tackle is held by a fish weighing 106 pounds, 14 ounces, caught off the coast of Portugal.

Life history and Behavior

No information

Food and feeding habits

Wreckfish feed on crustaceans, mollusks, and deep-sea fish found around shipwrecks or underwater.


No information

Phylum Chordata
Class Actinopterygii
Squad Perciformes
Family Polyprionidae
Conservation status No information
Habitat Bottom
Life span, years 70
Maximum body weight, kg 99.79
Maximum length, cm 182.9
Sailing speed, m/s No information
Threat to people Edible
Way of eating Predator

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Tags: Wreckfish