• Philippine anchovy

Latin name

Encrasicholina oligobranchus

Other names

Encrasicholina oligobranchus


This species is characterized by the following set of characters: 16-22 pseudogill spicules (16); first gill arch with gill stamens on upper limbs 12-14 (13), lower limbs 16-18 (17), total 28-32 (30); second gill arch with gill stamens on upper limbs 10-11 (10), lower limbs 12-17 (16), total 22-27 (27); third gill arch with gill stamens on upper limbs 8-9 (9), lower limbs 10-11 (10), total 18-20 (18); fourth gill arch with gill stamens 6-8 (7) upper limbs, 8-9 (8) lower limbs, total 14-16 (19); gill stamens 3-5 (4) on posterior surface of third gill arch; spiny flaps on abdomen 3-6 (4); transverse scales 8-9 (9); open diuretic canal bony, without fleshy tubercles; head large, its length 28. 3-29.8% (average 28.9%) of SL; maxilla rather long, its length 19.0-20.7% (19.9%) of SL, its posterior tip barely reaching the anterior margin of the tarsal; mandible rather long, its length 19.1-20.5% (19. 7%) of SL; orbit is long, its diameter is 8.3-8.8% (8.6%) of SL; snout is long, its length is 4.9-5.2% (5.1%) of SL; body is elongated, its depth is 13.3-15.3% (14.5%) of SL; pelvic fin is short, its length is 8.7-9.4% (9.0%) of SL.

Features of fish fins

Dorsal spines (total): 0. Anal spines: 0. Soft anal fin rays: 15. These fish have 3 unbranched dorsal and anal fin rays. 11-14 branched pectoral rays (usually 12).

Fish colouring

These fish have a silvery gray body coloration.


Occupies the west central Pacific Ocean: Taiwan, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Tonga. 


Marine, pelagic-neritic, tropical species. Distribution: 17°N to 4°N, 116°E to 133°E.


This species reaches a length of 6.2 cm.


They show up at school. Probably a gregarious species. Apparently rare.

Food and feeding habits

Probably feeds mainly on planktonic crustaceans (e.g. paddlefish).


Eggs are oval. Eggs are occasionally found in the lower reaches of mangroves.


Not interesting for fishermen.

Relationship with a person

Mainly used as bait, but also consumed as food.

Phylum Chordata
Class Actinopterygii
Squad Clupeiformes
Family Engraulidae
Genus Encrasicholina
Species E. oligobranchus
Conservation status Data Deficient
Habitat Pelagic
Life span, years No information
Maximum body weight, kg No information
Maximum length, cm 6,2
Sailing speed, m/s No information
Threat to people Edible
Way of eating Planktonophage

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Philippine anchovy

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