Latin name

Auxis thazard

Other names

Bullet mackerel, frigate tuna, leadenall, mackerel tuna; Arabic: deraiga, sadah; French/Danish: auxide; Italian: tombarello; Japanese: hira sóda, soda-gatsuo; Malay/ Indonesian: aya, baculan, kayau, selasih; Portuguese: judeu; Spanish: barrileto negro, melva; Swedish/ Norwegian: auxid; Turkish: gobene, tombile.


Body shape is similar to A. rochti. The "corset" in the posterior part is narrow, no more than 5 scales wide. The pectoral fins reach the front edge of the scaleless area on the flanks or go behind it. Swim bladder is absent. Color dark greenish-blue above and silvery-white below. It has 15 or more narrow, oblique, dark wavy markings on the non-scaled dorsal part of the body. There are eight dorsal and seven anal fins. It looks more like a tuna than a mackerel, with its more lunate than forked tail. The first and second dorsal fins are separated by a wide gap.


Warm waters of all oceans. Frigate mackerel are cosmopolitan in warm waters, although their occurrence in the Atlantic Ocean has been documented. They are subject to periods of abundance and scarcity in certain areas.


Epipelagic fish. The frigate mackerel inhabits both coastal waters and the open ocean.


The average frigate mackerel weighs less than 2 pounds and is less than 20 inches long. The world record for all tackle fishing is 3 pounds 12 ounces.

Life history and Behavior

It makes long migrations. It matures at a length of 30-35 cm.

Food and feeding habits

The frigate mackerel feeds on small schooling fish, squid, planktonic crustaceans and larvae.


It spawns in the eastern Pacific year-round. Usually north of the equator from January to April, in the southern Indian Ocean from August to April. Fertility ranges from 200 thousand to almost 1.4 million eggs (the latter at 44.2 cm in length).

Phylum Chordata
Class Actinopterygii
Squad Scombriformes
Family Scombridae
Genus Auxis
Species A. thazard
Conservation status Least Concern
Habitat Pelagic
Life span, years 4
Maximum body weight, kg 1.7
Maximum length, cm 65
Sailing speed, m/s No information
Threat to people Edible
Way of eating Predator

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Mackerel, Frigate

Tags: Mackerel, Frigate