• Indo-Pacific king mackerel

Latin name

Scomberomorus guttatus

Other names

Spotted seer fish, spotted Spanish mackerel


They have an elongated, spindle-shaped body with a thin caudal stem with simple keel. Teeth are knife-shaped. The head is short. The length of the snout is shorter than the rest of the head. Canines and premolars are present. The maxilla is not hidden under the premaxilla. The lateral line is not wavy, but curves sharply under the second dorsal fin. The ventral dorsal fin is small and forked. Teeth on tongue absent. Swim bladder absent. The lateral line has several branches. The body height is smaller compared to the Korean mackerel, 22.8-25.2% of the length to the tail fork, compared to 24.4-26.7%. The head is also larger, 20.2-21.5% versus 19.7-20.4%. The number of gill stamens on the first gill arch is 8-14. The vertebrae are 47-52. 

Features of fish fins

The 2 dorsal fins are separated by a small gap. The pelvic fins are small. The first dorsal fin has 15-18 barb rays, the second dorsal fin has 18-24 barb rays, and the anal fin has 19-23 soft rays. Behind the second dorsal and anal fins is a row of 7-10 smaller fins that help to avoid vortex formation during rapid movement.  Small pectoral fins are made up of 20-23 rays. 

Fish colouring

Back dark. The sides are silvery with several rows of nearly circular spots. The anterior half of the first dorsal fin is black, the posterior third of the fin is white at the base. The second dorsal, pectoral and caudal fins are dark brown, the pelvic and anal fins are silvery white. 


They live in the coastal waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, in the Indo-Malay Archipelago up to the islands of Java and Sulawesi, in the southern part of the Sea of Japan, in the Persian Gulf. 


These tropical pelagic neretic fish are found at depths from 15 to 200 meters, usually between 20 and 90 meters. They occasionally enter murky estuarine waters. 


Maximum registered length 76 cm. Normal length 55 cm.


Migrates seasonally, but to a lesser extent than the narrow-bodied Spanish mackerel. A gregarious fish found mainly in coastal waters.

Food and feeding habits

They feed mainly on small fish, but also on cephalopods and crustaceans.


The spawning season is long. In the Indian Ocean off the coast of Madras, spawning occurs from July to January, and in the Palk Strait between India and Sri Lanka from April to July. The eggs are about 1.2 mm in diameter, the yolk is unsegmented, and the fat droplet is large. The larvae are 2.8 mm long. They grow to 4 mm in the first day of life. Fecundity increases with age, from 400,000 eggs at 2 years to 2 million at 4 years. Males and females reach sexual maturity at 1-2 years of age at 48-52 cm in length. Life expectancy is estimated to be 16 years.


Valuable commercial fish. The subject of local fishing in Thailand, Kampuchea, Malaysia, India and Indonesia. Fishing is carried out by drift nets and trolls. 

Relationship with a person

It is a table fish. It has white, dense consistency, tasty meat. 

Phylum Chordata
Class Actinopterygii
Squad Scombriformes
Family Scombridae
Genus Scomberomorus
Species S. guttatus
Conservation status Data Deficient
Habitat Pelagic
Life span, years 16
Maximum body weight, kg No information
Maximum length, cm 76
Sailing speed, m/s No information
Threat to people Edible
Way of eating Predator

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Indo-Pacific king mackerel

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