Latin name

Rhinobatos lentiginosus

Other names

French: poisson-guitarre tacheté; Italian: pesce violino; Spanish: guitarra.


The head and pectoral fins form a triangular disk at the front of the body. The posterior part of the body is thick and conical, like a shark. It has two large dorsal fins and a well-developed tail fin. The color varies from gray to brown, with a few pale spots on the body.


It is common from North Carolina to the Gulf of Mexico, although it is not reported in the Bahamas and the Caribbean. In Florida and Yucatán it is rare. Brazilian fish (R. horkeli) and southern fish (R. percellens) are two closely related species that occur from the West Indies to Brazil.


Inhabiting sandy and weedy bottoms, Atlantic guitarfish are found near small reefs, usually buried in seagrass, sand, or mud at depths of 1 to 45 feet.


This species is normally 1 to 2 feet long and can attain a maximum length of 21⁄2 feet. Females are somewhat larger than males.

Life history and Behavior

They give birth to live young, up to six in a litter. At birth, they reach a length of 20 centimeters.

Food and feeding habits

Their diet is small mollusks and crustaceans.


Atlantic guitarfish are oviparous.

Phylum Chordata
Class Chondrichthyes
Squad Rhinopristiformes
Family Rhinobatidae
Genus Rhinobatos
Species R. lentiginosus
Conservation status Near Threatened
Habitat bottom
Life span, years 10
Maximum body weight, kg No information
Maximum length, cm 76
Sailing speed, m/s No information
Threat to people Edible
Way of eating predator

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Guitarfish, Atlantic

Tags: Guitarfish, Atlantic