Latin name

Sphyraena guachancho

Other names

Guachanche barracuda; Spanish: picuda guaguanche; French: bécune guachanche.


Silver-olive-brown on top, it has silvery flanks with a yellow-gold band running along the middle of its body. Like other members of the barracuda family, it has an elongated body and large fangs and claws. The caudal fin is large, forked, and blackish, and the dorsal fins are widely separated. The pelvic fin starts below the point just before the first dorsal fin. Young fish have three broad bands on the back of the body that are often interrupted in the middle of each side.


Occurs from Massachusetts to northern part of the Gulf of Mexico, southward to Brazil. Occasional in Florida, the Bahamas, and the Caribbean.


They live in shallow and usually muddy coastal waters, including sandbanks, meadows, muddy bottoms, bays, and estuaries. It is a schooling species, forming shoals at depths of 3 to 40 feet, and can be found near the surface at night.


It can grow up to 2 feet, though most often it ranges from 6 to 14 inches.

Life history and Behavior

No information

Food and feeding habits

They eat fish and shrimp.


No information

Phylum Chordata
Class Actinopterygii
Squad Istiophoriformes
Family Sphyraenidae
Genus Sphyraena
Species S. guachancho
Conservation status Least Concern
Habitat Littoral
Life span, years 15
Maximum body weight, kg 1.8
Maximum length, cm 200
Sailing speed, m/s 40
Threat to people Edible
Way of eating predator

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Tags: Guaguanche