Latin name

Balistoides conspicillum

Other names

Bigspotted triggerfish


Body wedge-shaped, flat, high, keel semicircular. Head large, mouth small, with 8 large teeth on each jaw. Tail small, with a straight or rounded edge, the stalk compressed at the sides. The scales are large and bony. The fish can lock the first thorn of the dorsal fin into an upright position with the second thorn. The jaws are so strong that they can easily open clam and crab shells. The eyes move independently. It can make grunting sounds with the help of a swim bladder.

Features of fish fins

The soft anal fin has 21-27 rays.

Fish colouring

Bright orange lips framed by a pale band and large white oval spots on the underside of the body provide a striking contrast to the darker upper half of the body. The tail and dorsal fins are green. 


Widespread in the Indian Ocean and part of the Pacific Ocean, Australia (Great Barrier Reef). 


The natural habitat is coastal coral reefs at depths of 50 to 75 metres.


The body length is 50 centimetres.


It is usually solitary. In the dark and in danger, it crawls into crevices and rests its thorns on the walls. Life expectancy is up to 10 years.

Food and feeding habits

Omnivorous. They feed mainly on corals, molluscs, sea urchins, crustaceans and algae. 


There are no sex differences in these fish. Eggs float in the nest, a shallow hole in the bottom. Parents actively protect the clutch until the larvae emerge from the eggs.  The hatched larvae float in the water. Juveniles live in deep water until they grow to 15-20 cm. 


It has no commercial value.

Relationship with a person

Suitable for aquarium breeding. They bite a lot.

Phylum Chordata
Class Actinopterygii
Squad Tetraodontiformes
Family Balistidae
Genus Balistoides
Species B. conspicillum
Conservation status Least Concern
Habitat Pelagic
Life span, years 10
Maximum body weight, kg No information
Maximum length, cm 50
Sailing speed, m/s No information
Threat to people No information
Way of eating Predator

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