Fauna of the Baltic Sea

The fauna of the Baltic Sea has a character transitional from sea to freshwater lake. Thus, often marine mollusks like oysters, Mua trunats, Littorina littoralis, etc. are found only in the western part of the sea, where the water is saltier. The fishes are also partly freshwater, the marine fishes disappearing as they approach the bays and estuaries, such as herrings, sprat, cod, etc. These fish do not enter the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland and the mouths of rivers, where salmon, smelt, ripple, etc. are caught. 


The most common fish of the Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is not rich in fish species. Commercial species include Atlantic herring, Baltic sprat, cod, flounder, salmon, eel, smelt, roach, whitefish and perch. In the bays you will find perch, roach, gouster, bream, yaz, spruce, pike, pike perch, burbot, eel, ruff and even gudgeon. In the reed beds of the bays there are plenty of redfish, crucian carp, tench and other freshwater fish.


Molluscs of the Baltic Sea

The mollusc fauna of the Baltic Sea is unique in its own way - there are both purely marine and freshwater species in its various parts. Saduria entomon is the largest mollusc in the Baltic Sea. Its length is 8 cm. Hydrobia is the smallest snail in the Baltic Sea. Its shell is only 3 mm thick. The Chinese mitten crab has recently appeared in the sea.


Crustaceans and jellyfish of the Baltic Sea

In addition to fish, the waters of the Baltic Sea are home to squid, small crustaceans and jellyfish. The Baltic Sea is famous for its delicious prawns, which are high in protein and low in calories. The largest jellyfish, Cyanea capillata, lives close to Danish waters. The harmless jellyfish Aurelia aurita lives in the rest of the area.


What mammals live in the Baltic Sea?

There are three species of Baltic seals around the Aland Islands: Grey Seal, Pusa and Porpoise. Ringed seals and Eurasian otters can be seen along the shores of the Baltic Sea.


Dangerous inhabitants of the Baltic Sea

The only shark found in the Baltic Sea is the spiny dogfish, but it is safe for humans. There are no other dangerous inhabitants.


Unusual inhabitants of the Baltic Sea

Myoxocephalus scorpius is a fish that can hardly be described as beautiful. It is a predatory fish without scales. It has a huge head with six spines on the top and several on the sides. In the Baltic Sea it lives up to seven years and grows to a maximum of 33 cm.



Gudgeon

Gudgeon

     Gudgeon (Gobio gobio) is a freshwater fish of the gudgeon genus, carp family. It..

Herring, Atlantic

Herring, Atlantic

Latin name Clupea harengus Other names Herring; Danish: Atlantisk sild, sild; Finnish: silakka, s..

Risso's dolphin

Risso's dolphin

Latin nameGrampus griseusOther namesGrampus griseusIdentificationRisso's dolphin lacks the typical b..

Ruffe

Ruffe

Latin name Gymnocephalus cernuus Other names Eurasian ruffe; French: grémille; German: kaulbarsch..

Salmon, Atlantic

Salmon, Atlantic

Latin name Salmo salar Other names Sea-run fish, grilse, grilt, fiddler, Kennebec salmon; Danish ..

Sander

Sander

Latin nameSander luciopercaOther namesZander, pikeperchIdentificationThere are 8-12 short, broad, br..

Shorthorn sculpin

Shorthorn sculpin

Latin nameMyoxocephalus scorpiusOther namesBull-rout, father-lasher.IdentificationThe head is broad ..

Smelt

Smelt

     Smelt (Osmeridae) is a genus of fish in the smelt family. The European smelt (Os..

Smelt

Smelt

Latin name Osmerus eperlanus Other names European Smelt Identification Like salmon and trout, t..

White-beaked dolphin

White-beaked dolphin

Latin nameLagenorhynchus albirostrisOther namesLagenorhynchus albirostrisIdentificationThey have a r..

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